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  • Writer's pictureJade Fitzgerald

Buying a House: The Upfront Costs - A Comprehensive Guide

Updated: Aug 7, 2023

Looking at buying your first home? YAAAAAA it is a super exciting time and you should be super proud to be able to start looking for your first home! Buying a house is an exciting milestone, but it comes with significant financial responsibilities. Beyond the property's price tag, there are several upfront costs to consider before finalising your dream home purchase. In this blog post, we'll delve into the essential expenses every aspiring homeowner should be aware of, focusing on Stamp Duty, legal costs, mortgage fees, and due diligence expenses. Moreover, we will provide a breakdown of the Stamp Duty costs across different Australian states.




You'll need to be aware of the upfront costs that come along with that! To make sure you have a little left in the tank for the extras that pop up!


Discover the essential upfront costs involved in purchasing a property in Australia, including Stamp Duty, legal costs, mortgage fees, and due diligence expenses. Learn about the varying state-wise Stamp Duty rates to make an informed decision.

Stamp Duty


Outside the deposit, this’ll be your biggest upfront cost. Stamp duty varies greatly from state to territory to state and the rules (and exemptions) can seem complicated. Check out the government websites of your state or territory.


Stamp Duty is a tax levied by state and territory governments on property transactions. The amount payable varies depending on the property's purchase price and its location. Each state in Australia has its own Stamp Duty rates and thresholds, which can significantly impact your overall costs.

Let's take a closer look at the Stamp Duty rates in different states:

  1. New South Wales (NSW): NSW has a sliding scale of Stamp Duty rates, starting from a certain threshold and increasing with the property's value.

  2. Victoria (VIC): VIC also follows a tiered structure for Stamp Duty, with concessions available for first-time buyers and properties below a certain value.

  3. Queensland (QLD): QLD offers concessions to first-time buyers as well, and their Stamp Duty rates differ for owner-occupied properties and investments.

  4. Western Australia (WA): WA's Stamp Duty rates are relatively simple, with a flat percentage applied to the property's value.

  5. South Australia (SA): SA's Stamp Duty rates work on a similar basis, but they offer some concessions for specific circumstances.

  6. Tasmania (TAS): TAS has a progressive system for Stamp Duty, where the rate increases as the property's value rises.

  7. Australian Capital Territory (ACT): ACT also has a tiered approach, with higher rates for more expensive properties.

  8. Northern Territory (NT): NT's Stamp Duty rates are among the lowest in Australia, making it an attractive location for property buyers.


Legal Costs

Engaging a solicitor or conveyancer is an essential step in the property buying process. They will handle the legal aspects of the transaction, ensuring a smooth transfer of ownership and conducting necessary searches on the property. Legal costs can vary based on the complexity of the transaction and the professional you choose. It's crucial to obtain quotes from multiple sources and select a reputable expert to handle your property purchase.



Mortgage Costs

Unless you're purchasing the property outright, you'll likely need a mortgage to finance the purchase. Mortgage costs include application fees, valuation fees, and lender's mortgage insurance (LMI) if you're borrowing more than 80% of the property's value. These costs can add up, so it's essential to understand what they are from your broker.


Due Diligence Costs

Conducting due diligence on the property is vital to uncover any potential issues that might affect its value or your ability to live there comfortably. Due diligence costs can include building and pest inspections, strata reports (for apartments), and land surveys. While these costs may seem additional, they are essential to avoid any nasty surprises after the purchase.


Don't let your purchase flop - by being financially prepared for the upfront costs, you'll embark on your homeownership journey with confidence and peace of mind.


Purchasing a house is a significant investment that requires careful consideration of all upfront costs involved. Understanding the expenses, such as Stamp Duty, legal costs, mortgage fees, and due diligence expenses, is crucial to making informed decisions.

Remember to research the specific Stamp Duty rates in the state where you plan to buy the property, as they can significantly impact your overall expenses. Moreover, obtaining multiple quotes for legal services and mortgage options will help you find the best deals available. Engaging a Buyer's Agent to your team will eliminate the guesswork and allow you to enjoy the experience.



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